The web runs on several protocols: HTML (HyperText Markup Language); HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol);, and URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) – or, as many people call it, a URL. But underneath many of these protocols – the quick and filthy version of how information on the Internet is built and distributed – is this simple truth: Web pages are served by web servers.
The actual package that hosts the applications can be physical or digital. If a server is got by you closet or run a data middle, you most likely have a complicated infrastructure topology comprising routers, firewalls, web machines, application servers, and database servers. Often, these machines have combined roles (e.g., all the applications and web servers are on a single machine), but this really depends upon organizational security requirements and the performance and complexity of the infrastructure.
You can also web host applications within digital or cloud environments and also have dedicated virtual situations for each type of server. Again, it depends upon what you are trying to accomplish. Using a particular type of physical/virtual server may determine the kind of web-server software you use. If you’re a Microsoft shop, generally you will opt for IIS (Internet Information Services/Server) by Microsoft as your web-server application solution. If you’re utilizing a Linux distribution, you have other choices available for you, including Apache, LiteSpeed, and NGINX. So which web server should you choose to use your website? That depends on a number of factors. But first, let’s take a look at popularity.
The web-server space is dominated by four web servers: Apache, Microsoft IIS, NGINX, and Google Web Server. W3Techs report updates and investigate the technology of a website daily, not an individual webpage. Trends are indicating that NGINX is attaining momentum within the web-server space while Apache, the long-time leader, is slowing. Cost and support have a tendency to go hand in hand.
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While you may choose a specific web server since it is open up source, there may be concealed costs associated with keeping your choice – specifically, assisting it. The features you desire may also determine which web server you go with. One popular “stack” to consider is the pairing of operating-system and web server with a database and programming framework. You will find other variants of the as well.
If you decrease the “free” and open-source route, the most popular are LAMP and LEMP. It is important to note, though, that you can install Apache, PHP, and MySQL on Windows-based machines. Of the options available, your development environment, coupled with the expertise of your system and developer administrator, will most likely dictate which web server you actually end up using. It’s important to weigh every one of the options carefully, balancing support and cost with the features and capabilities you require. While choosing the more popular server might make sense, each choice truly depends upon what you want to accomplish within your hosting environment.