Causes, Symptoms, Tests & Treatment, Malvern Melbourne VIC

The term thyroid nodule identifies an abnormal growth of thyroid gland cells that form a lump within the thyroid gland. A thyroid nodule can be noncancerous (harmless) or cancerous (malignant) and may be filled up with fluid or thyroid gland cells. Thyroid nodules happen more often in women than in men. The risk of developing thyroid nodules might increase even as we age group.

The cause of most thyroid nodules is not known, but insufficient iodine can cause thyroid nodules. Chronic inflammation of the thyroid (Hashimoto’s disease) that results in reduced thyroid gland activity could also cause thyroid nodules. Thyroid nodules do not cause any observeable symptoms generally. However, if the nodule is very large, it can compress other buildings in the reason and throat pain, difficulty in breathing or swallowing, change or hoarseness in tone of voice, and goiter (enlargement of thyroid gland).

If the cells in the nodule produce thyroid hormones, the nodule might produce symptoms of hyperthyroidism such as unexpected, unexplained weight reduction, nervousness, muscle weakness, increased hunger, sleep problems, and quick or abnormal heartbeat. Sometimes thyroid nodules take place in patients with Hashimoto’s disease leading to dry skin, hair thinning, swelling in the face, intolerance to cool, exhaustion, and unintentional putting on weight. Since most patients with thyroid nodules don’t have symptoms, most nodules are uncovered by the doctor during a routine physical examination of the neck or imaging tests.

  • Growth your calcium intake
  • Create a specialty
  • Increase your natural resting metabolism
  • Take a Probiotic Supplement

Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy: Your doctor will use a very slim needle to withdraw cells from the thyroid nodule and are examined under a microscope. Thyroid check out: A thyroid check out is a nuclear medicine test which allows your doctor to check on how well the thyroid gland is working. Ultrasound of the thyroid: It uses sound waves to generate images of your body. This test runs on the lubricating gel and a transducer rubbed over the neck to check out the scale and texture of the thyroid gland. Thyroid stimulating hormone Test (TSH test): This test steps blood degrees of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which is released from your pituitary gland. Treatment depends on the kind of thyroid nodule.

If a thyroid nodule is not cancerous, careful follow-up is the only recommended treatment. This follow up may involve a repeated thyroid biopsy and an ultrasound after the diagnosis. Sometimes levothyroxine (thyroid hormone) medication may be recommended to curb the production of the thyroid hormone if the nodule is non cancerous. Your doctor could use radioactive iodine to reduce the size and activity of the nodule in patients with overactive nodules. This treatment should not be given for women that are pregnant and women being treated with radioactive iodine should avoid pregnancy.

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